Art Movement Research

Renaissance-  This art period came right after the middle ages when society began to gain an interest with ancient Greece and Rome. The renaissance period of art arose in the late 14th century Italy, renaissance art reached its popularity during the 15th and 16th century. The most well known artists of this era was Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael.

HISTORY.com, Renaissance Art- Facts & Summary. [online] Available at: http://www.history.com/topics/renaissance-art [Accessed 03 Apr. 2017]

Romanticism- This era of art emerged from the industrial revolution during the late 18th century. Machinery took over and people from the country moved to cities and towns to start working in factories in terrible conditions for 14 hours and maybe going weeks without seeing sunlight. People dreamed of a period before their own which reflected in peoples art work. They saw that the era before them was more peaceful and more natural than the mechanical world they were living in. A particularly famous artist of this era was JMW Turner who was fascinated by nature and how it always changed.

The Art Of Manliness, The Basics of Romantic Art. [online] Available at: http://www.artofmanliness.com/2011/03/03/the-basics-of-art-the-romantic-period/ [Accessed 03 Apr. 2017]

Pre-Raphaelite- The Pre- Raphaelite were a brotherhood of Victorian poets, painters, illustrators and designers who were “driven by the three things the English public never forgives: youth, power and enthusiasm” (Oscar Wilde). They didn’t focus on politics or current events they focused on the past but also had a vision of the future, they liked to paint things around medievil style paintings, female beauty, sex and thoughts.

The British Library, The Pre- Raphaelites. [online] Available at: https://www.bl.uk/romantics-and-victorians/articles/the-pre-raphaelites [Accessed 04 Apr. 2017]

Impressionism- In the French 19th century art shifted into the era of Impressionism art. The way that art was created was changed as they stopped using broad strokes and painting outside to capture a specific lighting. They painted moments that people would only glance at and added vibrant colours to them to make simple moments seem important. One famous artist of this movement was Edgar Dagas who painted mostly dancers while they were warming up and not when they were performing.

Art Movements, Impressionism. [online] Available at: http://www.artmovements.co.uk/impressionism.htm [Accessed 05 Apr. 2017]


Post-Impressionism- 
Post Impressionism came around in the 1880’s when a young painters wanted to be more expressive and wished to explore expressing their emotions and delving more into symbolism instead of impressionism’s structured paintings. 

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Post-Impressionism| Essay| Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. [online] Available at: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/poim/hd_poim.htm [Accessed 05 Apr. 2017]


Cubism- 
During the first two decades of the 20th century the art movement known as Cubism began. Cubism was started by George Braque and Pablo Picasso. The art work is often recognized by its 2D form and illusions of shapes and are often not very realistic. The paintings unlike landscapes and portraits are not meant to look realistic they are meant to be abstract. 

emptyeasel.com, What is cubism? An Introduction to the Cubist Art Movement and Cubist Painters. [online] Available at: http://emptyeasel.com/2007/10/17/what-is-cubism-an-introduction-to-the-cubist-art-movement-and-cubist-painters/ [Accessed 07 Apr. 2017]


Symbolism- 
Symbolism was originally literacy but then expanded to artwork in a younger generation of painters who wished to move away from the natural form. The painters believed art should reflect human emotions and ideas not on the natural world. They returned to the Romantic era of art as inspiration as they looked upon their work with having some sort symbolic meaning.

The Metropolitan Museum of Arts, Symbolism \ Essay \ Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. [online] Available at: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/symb/hd_symb.htm [Accessed 08 Apr. 2017]


Surrealism- 
Surrealism became a major political movement during the early 20th century. The art was heavily influenced by the mind and dreams along with Sigmund Freud’s dream studies (which focused on the unconscious mind and what it does to us) and the political theories of Karl Marx (the founder of “scientific” socialism). 

The Metropolitan Museum of Arts, Surrealism \ Essay\ Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. [online] Available at: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/surr/hd_surr.htm [Accessed 11 Apr. 2017]

The Basics Of Philosophy, Karl Marx> By Individual Philosopher> Philosophy. [online] Available at: http://www.philosophybasics.com/philosophers_marx.html [Accessed 11 Apr. 2017]

Simple Philosophy, Sigmund Freud’s Theories\ Simply Psychology. [online] Available at: https://www.simplypsychology.org/Sigmund-Freud.html [Accessed 11 Apr. 2017]


Art Deco- 
Art Deco came around in the 1920’s and was a major movement in decorative arts and architecture. The style expanded to the United States and Western Europe during the 1930’s  after it’s name was given in 1925 from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industrial Moderns in Paris. The stlye was sleek and was often crafted into furniture however it soon spread into the fashion industry.

Britannica.com, Art Deco\ art movement\. [online] Available at: https://www.britannica.com/art/Art-Deco [Accessed 11 Apr. 2017]


Pop Art- 
Pop art originated from America and was a great opportunity for young painters to break out of “traditional” art where they thought that it doesn’t touch on the issues of their generation. The idea of pop art came around in the 1950’s but reached it’s peak in the 1960’s. 

Tate, Pop art- Art Term. [online] Available at: http://www.tate.org.uk/art/art-terms/p/pop-art [Accessed 12 Apr. 2017]


Contemporary- 
Contemporary art is the art of “today”, these artists work in a range of mediums but focus on today’s society. Contemporary art is often very abstract which was inspired by the early 20th century art which moved from the natural form to more abstract art. 

Education at the Getty, About Contemporary Art. [online] Available at: http://www.getty.edu/education/teachers/classroom_resources/curricula/contemporary_art/background1.html [Accessed 12 Apr. 2017]

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